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Crete 11 - 19 April 2023

Island birds and flowers in the cradle of civilisation.

An additional day on Crete in 2023

Crete is a magical and mysterious island. Home of Europe's earliest civilisation, influenced by many nations, yet it retains its own identity and culture of which its people are justifiably proud.

The island's position in the Mediterranean has not only played a crucial role in its history but is an important migration route for birds on their way north in spring. Crete in April is free of crowds, the days can be warm and the hillsides are full of flowers.

This, the largest and most southerly of all the Greek islands, is dominated by a backbone of mountains through which cut many deep gorges. These are as spectacular as they are rich in wildlife, be it migrant birds, nesting vultures or endemic wild flowers.

Nature and history are difficult to separate on Crete, with wildlife close to important archeological sites. We shall sample Minoan ruins at Phaestos.

We are based at the small and friendly Sophia Hotel in Plakias on Crete's south coast, once a fishing village, now a small town. It is ideally placed for local walks and excursions and has an impressive backdrop of gorges and mountains.

Plakias Bay
Plakias Bay (Ivan Nethercoat).


Crete's rich flora of 1600 native species includes 140 endemic to the island, such as Cretan cyclamen and Cretan ebony. In April many orchids are at their peak with Cretan bee, naked man, few-flowered, rainbow, four-spotted and bumblebee orchids among 20 or more species. Shrubs like Jerusalem sage and cistus contribute to colourful and aromatic hillsides.

asparagus pea crown anemone Orchis boryi
Left to right: asparagus pea, crown anemone, Orchis boryi (all by Phil Brew).
From Cretan flora through a macro lens. See also our Crete orchids page.


The mountains and gorges of Crete are a stronghold for birds of prey, with the largest population of griffon vultures in Greece. Lammergeier, Bonelli's and golden eagles and buzzard all breed, as do crag martin, blue rock thrush, chough and raven. The hillsides and scrub support both Sardinian and the much rarer Rüppell's warbler. Many birds pass through on migration, pausing especially at wetlands, however small. These might include red-footed falcon, alpine swift, bee-eater, squacco heron, little bittern and various waders and warblers.

Other wildlife

At this time of the year there are butterflies such as swallowtail, scarce swallowtail, Cleopatra and the endemic Cretan festoon. We often see freshwater crabs; reptiles can include Balkan (stripe-necked) terrapin and Balkan green lizard.

Southern Skimmer swallowtail on lantana
Southern skimmer Orthetrum brunneum and swallowtail on lantana, both near Moni Préveli, spring 2016.

Holiday details

As well as local walks, our minibus trips this week include trips to Moní Préveli, Kourtaliótiko and Kotsiphou Gorges, Frangokastello, Spili, Ayia reservoir and, possibly, the mountain plateau at Omalós.

Price: £1,750 per person in single or twin room, for a week plus a say (eight nights, Tuesday to Wednsday). There is no single supplement on this holiday. This price includes our taverna evening meals, plus picnics or an occasional taverna lunch.

Manchester supplement: £100

En suite facilities

Flights: easyJet flights, Gatwick to Chania (morning outbound flight).

11 Apl: EZY8221 depart London Gatwick 09:20 arrive Chania 15:25.
19 Apl: EZY8224 depart Chania 14:45 arrive Gatwick 16:50. 

For Manchester to Heraklion, there is an afternoon outbound flight. Flights cost more and transport from Heraklion to Plakias would be by taxi. There is no Heraklion-Manchester flight on 19 April, so we suggest staying an additional night and taking a free day (the extra cost for this is included in the 'Manchester supplement').

11 Apl: EZY2057 depart Manchester 13:40 arrive Heraklion 19:55.
20 Apl: EZY2058 depart Heraklion 14:40 arrive Manchester 17:00. 

Deposit: £400

Maximum number: 14, with two leaders.

Conservation project

The lammergeier conservation project is run by the Hellenic Ornithological Society, BirdLife Greece.

Crete has the only breeding population in south-east Europe (6-7 pairs in 2013, with four nests); the species is practically extinct in mainland Greece and elsewhere in the Balkans.

Lammergeier (Roger Tidman)


Alongside survey, monitoring and raising public awareness, the long-term survival of Europe's rarest vulture is being tackled by site protection, food provision and the encouragement of traditional grazing systems. More on lammergeiers and other conservation matters on Crete here.

Ricotia cretica
Ricotia cretica in Kourtoliótiko Gorge.


Chris Durdin is the driving force behind Honeyguide, running holidays since 1991. For many years he combined this with his work for the RSPB in Eastern England, often the Society’s spokesman, but has been concentrating on Honeyguide full-time since 2009. Chris is the co-author of a book about Norfolk’s cranes and leads regular walks on his local wildlife trust nature reserve, Norfolk Wildlife Trust's Thorpe Marshes. He’s also a barbershop singer. As a naturalist, Chris is an all rounder. Chris has regularly co-led Honeyguide's Crete holiday for many years.

Co-leaders: Rob Lucking and Ivan Nethercoat. Both will be returning to Crete having been with Honeyguide groups before.

Crown daisies
Crown daisies, both colour forms, Crete, April 2018.

Crete map
For prices, see Holiday Details at the bottom of the page.

travel aware logo

FCO travel advice for Greece here.


Advice on Gov.uk, summary below.

Going to Greece:

Take your proof of vaccination; this may be needed in various places. Greece will accept the UK’s COVID-19 vaccination record.

If you test positive for Covid while away, you will need to self-isolate for 5 days. Advice may change - see gov.uk.

From 15 March 2022 onwards, arrivals in Greece are no longer required to complete a Passenger Locator Form (PLF). No PLF is needed when returning home, now, and no Covid tests are needed.

Holiday reports

Holiday report April 2022 

Holiday report April 2019

Holiday report 10-17 April 2018

Holiday report 17-24 April 2018

Holiday report April 2017

Holiday report April/May 2016

Holiday report April 2015

Holiday report April 2014

Many more Crete holiday reports from two decades of Honeyguide holidays here.

squacco heron (Dawn Stevens)

A squacco heron lands at Ayia Reservoir (Dawn Stevens).

Crete photos

Photos from April 2022: Orchid photos on Facebook and more Facebook photos 

Photos from April 2018: Ivan Nethercoat's photos on Flickrby Chris Durdin on Facebook.

Photos from April 2017 on Facebook here.

Crete gallery, photos by Ivan Nethercoat.

Crete orchid gallery

Photos from April 2012: by Honeyguide leader Tim Strudwick and Honeyguider Steve Kourik.

Black-eared wheatear (Steve Fletcher)

Black-eared wheatear (Steve Fletcher)

Honeyguide web pages about Crete

Crete Bird Reports. Collated by Stephanie Coghlan, made available on the internet through Honeyguide.

Cretan Bluet (damselfly).

Cretan flora through a macro lens

Our Crete orchids page and orchids gallery.

Crete flower books.

More on lammergeiers and other conservation matters on Crete here.

freshwater crab

Freshwater – or land – crab.

Crete information and useful links


There are pictures of the Hotel Sophia - or Sofia - on its website here.

Sofia Hotel

Our transport on Crete is arranged by Ariadne of the locally-based holiday and travel service company www.authentic-crete.gr

More on vultures in Crete here.

www.cretewww.com is a website "dedicated to help record, conserve and promote the wildlife of Crete."

Cretan flora: an ID web guide

Crete pages on Fatbirder.com.

Useful link for Crete information, including weather: www.greekisland.co.uk

Unforgettable things ...

to do before you die: discovering wild flowers on Crete. Of course we think that, but it’s not only us.

One of 40 things in Unforgettable things to do before you die by Steve Watkins and Clare Jones (BBC Books, 2005) is a spring visit to see Crete’s wild flowers.

Wildflower Wonders of the World

Crete also features in Wildflower Wonders of the World by Bob Gibbons (left), including photos from the Kedros Foothills and Omalos Plateau.

Fountains in Spili

Fountains in the square at Spili

Hellenic Ornithological Society

More information about the work to protect bearded vultures - as they prefer to call them in Greece - on the website of the Hellenic Ornithological Society and the Natural History Museum of Crete.

Chris Durdin

Chris Durdin

Facebook Honeyguide
... where there are many holiday photos to enjoy.

Atol protected

The air holidays shown are ATOL Protected by the Civil Aviation Authority. Our ATOL number is ATOL 3253. ATOL Protection extends primarily to customers who book and pay in the United Kingdom. Click on the ATOL logo if you want to know more.

Helping you enjoy wildlife – Helping you protect wildlife